Sugarcane planting techniques: How to plant, how to care for and how to harvest sugarcane

Sugarcane planting techniques: How to plant, how to care for and how to harvest sugarcane

Sugar cane (scientific name is Sacarum docinarum), thrives in tropical climates. Sugarcane is a summer cooling fruit and is processed into sugar preparations and other products. Sugar cane when growing to form tall and pointed towers, easily becomes an attractive backyard bonsai.If you are interested in Sugarcane planting techniques, do not miss this article by Wikihobby. Let’s find out.

Planting sugar cane in the backyard
Planting sugar cane in the backyard


Choose varieties

You should choose healthy sugar cane. Sugar cane is most easily found during the harvest season, in the late summer and early fall. If you cannot find sugarcane in the center of the local garden, it is often found at roadside stalls and farmers markets.

Opt for long, thick stalks that are more likely to produce healthy, new ones.

The trunk is articulated, and a new tree will grow from each plant. With this in mind, buy as many branches as you need to produce the exact size you want.

Separate the cane stalks into long pieces

Separate the cane stalks into long pieces. Leaving 3 to 4 per piece so that the most likely each piece will produce a few sprouts. If the stem has any leaves or flowers, keep removing them.

Dig planting holes

Dig a planting hole in a place with adequate sunlight. Sugarcane stalks are planted horizontally on the sides, in 4-inch deep beds, or trenches. When growing sugarcane needs adequate sunlight, make sure you choose a place to grow sugarcane that does not have too much shade. Dig holes to fit each cane you are growing and the beds one foot apart.

Use a spade or hoe, instead of a shovel, to make digging easier and more convenient.

Wet the beds

Use one tap to gently moisten the beds in preparation for growing sugarcane. Make sure the water has receded and there are no puddles left before planting.

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Sugarcane planting techniques

Place the trunk horizontally into the beds. Cover them with soil. Do not plant the stem upright, otherwise they will not grow well.

In spring, usually in April or May, buds will begin to grow from the nodes of the trunk. You will see them break down the soil to form individual cane stalks, which will grow quite tall towards the end of the summer.

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How to take care of sugar cane

– Fertilize sugarcane with a fertilizer containing the active nitrogen. Since sugarcane is also a grass, it thrives on nitrogen-rich fertilizers. You can fertilize the sugarcane with a standard grass manure, or another organic fertilizer: chicken manure. Fertilizing just once, when the first sprouts appear, will help the cane to grow strong and healthy to You have a good harvest in the fall.

Weeding: Weeds can choke new sprouts before they have a chance to grow. Continuous weeding is necessary until the cane is large enough to provide shade and repel the weeds.

– Preventing pests and diseases

Certain pests and diseases can affect the sugarcane plant. Pests such as stem borers and insects are more likely to affect plants when they experience waterlogging, while other diseases can cause fungal growth and plant rot. Check your sugarcane regularly for pests or rot and take precautions to prevent pests whenever possible.

Choosing sugarcane varieties that are resistant to diseases and viruses is one of the best pest management strategies.

Applying the right amount of pesticides can help prevent the spread of pests or diseases in your crops.

If you find a plant that appears to be infested with pests or disease, remove them immediately.


Use the machete to cut the sugar cane that is close to the ground. Mature sugarcane stems will be tall and thick, similar to bamboo, so simple garden scissors will not be able to cut them. Use a machete or saw to cut the cane as close to the ground as possible, so you’ll be able to use as many plants as possible.

The above are instructions in the Sugarcane Planting Technique. Good luck!

Which regions grow the most sugarcane?

In India, the states of Uttar Pradesh (38.57%), Maharashtra (17.76%) and Karnataka (12.20%) are the countries producing the most sugarcane in this country. In the United States, sugar is grown on a commercial scale in Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Texas and Puerto Rico.

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